What is a Dental Bridge?   A dental bridge is a false tooth that is used to fill the gap created by a missing tooth or missing teeth. Dental bridges use the two surrounding teeth as anchors to hold a false tooth in the place where the gap is. Typically, porcelain crowns are placed over the surrounding teeth, and the false tooth, known as a pontic, is fused between them. Should I get a dental bridge if I’m missing teeth?  Leaving a gap between your teeth could lead to negative consequences. A gap can cause your teeth to shift resulting in a change in your bite that may be cause pain. Having a bridge can prevent that problem. Another alternative is to get a dental implant if you are a candidate. Types of dental bridges There are three types of dental bridges that are commonly used today: Traditional fixed bridge – This is the most common type of dental bridge, in which porcelain crowns are placed over the two surrounding teeth and used as anchors to hold the false tooth in place. The false tooth is usually made of either porcelain fused to metal or ceramics. Cantilever bridge – This is used when teeth are present on only one side of the gap. These are used typically in areas of your mouth that doesn’t experience an intense chewing load, such as your front teeth. Resin-bonded bridge – In a resin-bonded bridge, metal bands are bonded to the surrounding teeth with resin and used to hold a plastic false tooth in place. This type of bridge is typically used in areas of the mouth that undergo less stress, such as the front teeth. How it’s done There are two visits required.  First visit:  The surrounding teeth are prepared to be fitted with a crown. This may including filing down the tooth so that the crown can fit over it.  An impression is taken of your teeth which will be sent to a laboratory to prepare the bridge and crown.  The dentist fits your teeth with a temporary bridge to protect them while the bridge is prepared at the laboratory. Second visit: The temporary bridge is removed and the new bridge received from the laboratory is fitted and adjusted.  Multiple visits may be necessary to check and adjust the fit.

Braces and Invisalign

What alternatives are there to metal braces?  Orthodontics, commonly called braces, can be made of metal, ceramic or plastic. They may be removable or may be brackets bonded to the teeth. Invisalign is the most well-known removable 3D-printed plastic aligners and can be a treatment option. Our dental team can assess your teeth to determine whether you are a candidate for Invisalign or braces.  How do Braces work?  Brackets or Invisalign aligners place a constant, gentle force in a carefully controlled direction to slowly move teeth to a corrected position. Braces provide a functional benefit by aligning the patient’s teeth so they have a correct bite and teeth alignment. The added benefit of braces is getting a straight smile and boosting patients’ self-esteem. How long will I have braces or Invisalign? Generally, treatment times are 1-3 years. Patients will respond individually to orthodontic treatment so the time may differ slightly from the original estimate. The patient must diligently use any prescribed rubber bands or headgear or the treatment time can be prolonged.  Do Braces hurt? We try to keep our patients as comfortable as possible. After an appointment, the patient may feel discomfort for a few hours up to a few days. The majority of the time, a patient won’t feel anything. Bonding the braces on and taking them off will require zero freezing because we are attaching the brackets only on to the surface of the tooth. How old does my child have to be to get braces?  We recommend that your child be seen by age 7 to advise if orthodontic treatment is required and when the best time is to start treatment. Early treatment and monitoring is highly recommended and can prevent future complications.  Early treatment may simplify later treatment because it can… Guide the growth of the jaws and guide incoming permanent teeth Regulate the width of the upper and lower dental arch shapes Gain space for permanent teeth Possibly avoid the need for permanent tooth extractions Reduce likelihood of impacted permanent teeth Correct thumb-sucking Eliminate abnormal swallowing or speech problems Braces for Adults Orthodontics can be successful at any age. It improves confidence and self-esteem. 1 in 5 patients with braces is over the age of 21. Adults may have may require periodontal treatment before, during and/or after orthodontic treatment if they have some breakdown or loss of their teeth and bone.  How much do

Dental Implants

What are dental implants?  Dental implants are a way to replace missing teeth. Dental implants are titanium supports that act as an anchor for a replacement tooth. The replaced tooth is a natural-looking porcelain crown.  Who can get dental implants?  Dental implants might be right for you if you are in good health, have healthy gums and adequate bone in the jaw. If you lack bone, the dentist or specialist can place additional bone with a bone graft before placing an implant. Your dentist will tell you if are a candidate or may refer you to a dental specialist.  How it’s done The dentist or dental specialist will examine your mouth and take xrays of your jaw and teeth to see if dental implants are right for you.  If you lack bone, bone graft may be added. The best time to add bone is the time of the tooth extraction. It takes 4-6 months for the bone to get incorporated into your own bone.  The dental implant is placed under your gums. The implant will bond with your jaw bone and takes around 3 months to heal. Next, your dentist attaches an abutment which is a piece that will connect your replacement tooth with the implant.  Your porcelain replacement tooth is made. The tooth is properly fitted to the abutment. If you are replacing multiple teeth, a bridge will be fitted to your implants.  Can I get dental implants if I have dentures?  Dental implants can replace individual teeth and also be used when replacing multiple teeth as an alternative to dentures. Patients who currently wear dentures can have the stability and retention significantly improved by having their dentures ‘snap and lock’ onto dental implants. Advantages of dental implants Implants are extremely natural looking Implants are totally independent of other teeth, making it easier to clean and maintain Fusion of the implants into your jaw make them very stable and comfortable compared to traditional dentures They last a lifetime Implant costs are close to the cost of a dental bridge Disadvantages of dental implants Implants are more costly than dentures The process of getting implants can be time consuming and requires multiple visits to the dentist There is a chance the surgery fails (< 5% of the time) For more information about whether or not you are a candidate for dental implants, call 519-656-3355 for a complimentary consultation.

Porcelain Crowns

Why get a Crown?  A dental crown (or cap) is used when a tooth is broken or decayed to such an extent that fillings aren’t able to repair the problem. The crown is able to provide a protective shell around the damaged or decayed tooth to strengthen it, as well as to improve the appearance of the tooth.  While crowns come in different materials, the most common crowns typically have some mixture of porcelain in them to give them a look and feel similar to a natural tooth. How it’s done The dentist reshapes the tooth and takes impressions to create the crown. Typically, a portion of you tooth will have to be removed for the crown to fit properly. Then he/she will use a special material to create an impression of it. This impression will be sent to a dental laboratory to be made into a permanent crown.  Before sending you home, the dentist will provide you with a temporary crown to cover your tooth in between visits. In a few weeks, the dentist will remove the temporary crown and fit the new permanent crown. Before cementing the permanent crown in place, he will ensure that it fits comfortably and matches the colour of your teeth.