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Veneers

What are Veneers? Dental veneers are thin custom-made shells that cover the front surface of your tooth to improve their appearance. They are made of tooth-colored materials and can be used to improve the color of teeth that have been worn down or stained. Alternatively, they can be used to improve the shape or size of the tooth. Types of veneers There are two types of veneers that are commonly used. Porcelain veneers are more durable, and resist stains better. The properties of the material also helps to create a very natural tooth look. Unlike porcelain veneers, composite resin veneers are not made in a laboratory, but instead directly applied to the teeth. They typically have a shorter life span and are less expensive. When should you consider dental veneers?  Talk to your dentist about dental veneers if your teeth are… stained or discolored teeth crooked or misshapen teeth have spaces between them broken or chipped How its done Typically, two visits are required for porcelain veneers. First visit:  The teeth are prepared to be fitted with a veneer, which will involve trimming a portion of the tooth so the veneer can be bonded on top.  An impression is taken of your tooth which will be sent to a laboratory to prepare the veneer.  You may receive a temporary veneer depending on how much of your tooth structure was removed. This temporary veneer will protect your tooth while the permanent veneer is prepared at the laboratory. Second visit:  If you had received a temporary veneer it will be removed. The new veneer received from the laboratory will be checked to see if it fits well. Once you and the dentist are satisfied with the look and feel of the veneer, it will be bonded to your tooth.

Bridges

What is a Dental Bridge?   A dental bridge is a false tooth that is used to fill the gap created by a missing tooth or missing teeth. Dental bridges use the two surrounding teeth as anchors to hold a false tooth in the place where the gap is. Typically, porcelain crowns are placed over the surrounding teeth, and the false tooth, known as a pontic, is fused between them. Should I get a dental bridge if I’m missing teeth?  Leaving a gap between your teeth could lead to negative consequences. A gap can cause your teeth to shift resulting in a change in your bite that may be cause pain. Having a bridge can prevent that problem. Another alternative is to get a dental implant if you are a candidate. Types of dental bridges There are three types of dental bridges that are commonly used today: Traditional fixed bridge – This is the most common type of dental bridge, in which porcelain crowns are placed over the two surrounding teeth and used as anchors to hold the false tooth in place. The false tooth is usually made of either porcelain fused to metal or ceramics. Cantilever bridge – This is used when teeth are present on only one side of the gap. These are used typically in areas of your mouth that doesn’t experience an intense chewing load, such as your front teeth. Resin-bonded bridge – In a resin-bonded bridge, metal bands are bonded to the surrounding teeth with resin and used to hold a plastic false tooth in place. This type of bridge is typically used in areas of the mouth that undergo less stress, such as the front teeth. How it’s done There are two visits required.  First visit:  The surrounding teeth are prepared to be fitted with a crown. This may including filing down the tooth so that the crown can fit over it.  An impression is taken of your teeth which will be sent to a laboratory to prepare the bridge and crown.  The dentist fits your teeth with a temporary bridge to protect them while the bridge is prepared at the laboratory. Second visit: The temporary bridge is removed and the new bridge received from the laboratory is fitted and adjusted.  Multiple visits may be necessary to check and adjust the fit.

Dental Implants

What are dental implants?  Dental implants are a way to replace missing teeth. Dental implants are titanium supports that act as an anchor for a replacement tooth. The replaced tooth is a natural-looking porcelain crown.  Who can get dental implants?  Dental implants might be right for you if you are in good health, have healthy gums and adequate bone in the jaw. If you lack bone, the dentist or specialist can place additional bone with a bone graft before placing an implant. Your dentist will tell you if are a candidate or may refer you to a dental specialist.  How it’s done The dentist or dental specialist will examine your mouth and take xrays of your jaw and teeth to see if dental implants are right for you.  If you lack bone, bone graft may be added. The best time to add bone is the time of the tooth extraction. It takes 4-6 months for the bone to get incorporated into your own bone.  The dental implant is placed under your gums. The implant will bond with your jaw bone and takes around 3 months to heal. Next, your dentist attaches an abutment which is a piece that will connect your replacement tooth with the implant.  Your porcelain replacement tooth is made. The tooth is properly fitted to the abutment. If you are replacing multiple teeth, a bridge will be fitted to your implants.  Can I get dental implants if I have dentures?  Dental implants can replace individual teeth and also be used when replacing multiple teeth as an alternative to dentures. Patients who currently wear dentures can have the stability and retention significantly improved by having their dentures ‘snap and lock’ onto dental implants. Advantages of dental implants Implants are extremely natural looking Implants are totally independent of other teeth, making it easier to clean and maintain Fusion of the implants into your jaw make them very stable and comfortable compared to traditional dentures They last a lifetime Implant costs are close to the cost of a dental bridge Disadvantages of dental implants Implants are more costly than dentures The process of getting implants can be time consuming and requires multiple visits to the dentist There is a chance the surgery fails (< 5% of the time) For more information about whether or not you are a candidate for dental implants, call 519-656-3355 for a complimentary consultation.

Porcelain Crowns

Why get a Crown?  A dental crown (or cap) is used when a tooth is broken or decayed to such an extent that fillings aren’t able to repair the problem. The crown is able to provide a protective shell around the damaged or decayed tooth to strengthen it, as well as to improve the appearance of the tooth.  While crowns come in different materials, the most common crowns typically have some mixture of porcelain in them to give them a look and feel similar to a natural tooth. How it’s done The dentist reshapes the tooth and takes impressions to create the crown. Typically, a portion of you tooth will have to be removed for the crown to fit properly. Then he/she will use a special material to create an impression of it. This impression will be sent to a dental laboratory to be made into a permanent crown.  Before sending you home, the dentist will provide you with a temporary crown to cover your tooth in between visits. In a few weeks, the dentist will remove the temporary crown and fit the new permanent crown. Before cementing the permanent crown in place, he will ensure that it fits comfortably and matches the colour of your teeth.

Dental Exams and Cleanings

Routine dental exams are important to maintaining healthy teeth and gums. They can help to avoid the financial costs associated with large treatment plans later on. The Academy of General Dentistry recommends checkups twice a year for people of all ages. At this frequency, most problems can be caught while they remain in an early stage. How it’s done The dentist first examines your mouth visually, using dental equipment such as mouth mirrors, dental picks, and high intensity lights. They will look for cracked and decayed teeth, as well as review other important items such as: Medical history review: The dentist will assess how any new medical conditions or illnesses may affect your dental health. Examination of tooth decay: with the help of xrays, we are able to assess the presence of decay in between your teeth and under existing fillings. Our instruments will also aid in detecting cavities starting in the pits of teeth and around the margins of existing restorations. Oral cancer screening: The face, neck, lips, tongue, throat, tissues, and gums will be checked for any signs of oral cancer. Gum disease evaluation: Your gums and bone around the teeth will be checked for any evidence of periodontal disease. Examination of existing restorations: Current fillings, crowns, and other restorations are made sure to be in good order. Additionally, your dentist will take diagnostic x-rays to reveal any other hidden problems, especially in the areas below the gums. Bitewing x-rays are typically taken every 12-24 months (to detect the presence of cavities in between teeth and under existing fillings) and a panographic x-ray, which revolves around the head, is taken every 3-5 years (to assess the location and eruption pattern of adult teeth and to assess the entire head for possible lesions). Dental Cleanings Routine dental cleanings are important in maintaining good oral hygiene. Professional cleaning by a hygienist can remove mineralized plaque (called calculus or tartar) that may develop even with careful brushing and flossing, particularly in areas that are difficult to reach. The overall health of the gums (based on clinical pocket depths) and the amount of calculus present will dictate how often it is recommended that you go in for a cleaning. Your dentist and hygienist will recommended what interval is right for you, whether it is to come in every 3 months, 4 months, 6 months or 9 months. How it’s done You can